From the maya Bak Halal, 'place surrounded by ditch reed', Bacalar is located 38 kilometers northwest of Chetumal, at the shore of a lake. The favourite activities in the area include fishing, windsurf, canoeing, aquatic ski, rowing, sailing and birdwatching.
Bacalar's lagoon or Lagoon of the seven colors is a huge extention of shallow waters, with a white and very soft sand. It present's a lightand barely perceptible waveflow of blue tones where the composition of the present cristals generate a simply fascinating show.
At one side of this lagoon, clearly identifyable by it's circular aspect and sensibly darker hues, we find the natural wonder that is the Cenote Azul (a deep underground water reservoir), a magic place inmensely attractive for tourism, mainly well documented divers and the people who know the region.
Inside this huge water extension are zones with some pits that allow very safe immersions due to its low deepness, the floor has little variations in color, sand toned, full of very intincate calcarean formations that vary from soft pendents with small ranges to little canyons and true walls, though never superior to 4 - 6 m, wich give out a fantastic show.
The most interesting thing of this place, besides the freedom of movement and the possibility to extend our immersions' time by being in shallow waters, is the valuable experience novice divers achieve with these secure immersions that allow an uncommon autonomy.
The Cenote Azul is an essential location for divers visiting the region; it presents a great challenge due to its deepness and special characteristics. It's an open cenote that requires a careful planning for an immersion that, without a doubt, needs professional counsel.
Considered to be an important crossroad city for the North , West and South settlements of colonial times. It was built in 1545 by Spaniard Gaspar Pacheco who called it San Felipe de Bacalar (still the official name, but it was reduced to Bacalar for practical reasons). The city was invaded and destroyed by pirates in 1642. Rebuilt in 1726 and again destroyed during the long Yucatan revolt Guerra de Castas. Newly reestablished in recent 1902. It is a modern charming town of 10,000 habitants but growing fast.
Most of Bacalar's premium real estate and condos were owned by the entrepreneurs and politicians from the state's capital, now the scene is changing since many foreigners have become aware of the potential of this jewel and moving in to buy whatever is available, this tendency is already making an impact on prices so if you're interested you should move FAST!
Refered to as: Lagoon of the seven colors, Bacalar delivers! With a length of some 50 miles from North to South it seems like a wide turquoise river flowing through the forest. Bacalar´s variations of blue are enhanced by the deep green tones of the jungle, mangroves and reed beds .